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Post-Install Configuration (Unity)

NOTE: This article is no longer being updated

Below is a collection of commands and snippets I have put together over the years. Pick out the parts you find useful, and create your own one-click system configuration shell script.

A Few GUI Shortcuts...

While you're tweaking things in the Terminal, you might want to do some configuration through the graphical user interface.

# Software settings

# Change keyboard layouts
unity-control-center region

# Audio settings
unity-control-center sound

# Set the locales


This will enable some extra repositories

# This will add the Indicator Stickynotes repo
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:umang/indicator-stickynotes

# This will add the Indicator Remindor repo
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bhdouglass/indicator-remindor

# This will add the My Weather Indicator repo
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao

# This will add the Nemo repo
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/nemo

# This will add the repo for Monkey's Audio, Nero AAC, Network Optix tsMuxeR, The Odio and Unity Mail
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:robert-tari/main

Update the Package List

You must do this if you have made changes to your repository lists.

sudo apt-get -q update

Update the Whole System

This will pull all available updates, so be patient.

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Popularity Contest

Help developers by allowing your system to report anonymous statistics.

sed -e 's/PARTICIPATE="no"/PARTICIPATE="yes"/' /etc/popularity-contest.conf > /tmp/popularity-contest.conf && sudo mv /tmp/popularity-contest.conf /etc/popularity-contest.conf

Install Additional Software

This is what I usually add to a system, change the list to suit your needs.

sudo apt-get install -y trash-cli indicator-stickynotes my-weather-indicator ffmpeg gnome-gmail synaptic indicator-remindor gnome-search-tool p7zip-full cryptsetup inkscape unattended-upgrades unity-mail samba gimp ubuntu-restricted-extras smplayer chromium-browser gdebi default-jre glipper clementine cifs-utils nemo nemo-fileroller odio tsmuxer mediainfo ogmtools mkvtoolnix-gui

About the SpiderOak Cloud Storage

This is something I had been using instead of Ubuntu One long before it became extinct. I needed something that worked on both Ubuntu and Debian, so I tested it, and I've been using my free 10GB happily ever since. Here are a few good reasons: SpiderOak integrates well into all systems, it has an indicator and fantastic UI with tons of great options, and your 2GB account grows by 1GB every time you refer somebody! Give it a try, you will not regret it.

# Uncomment the one you need
# ARCH="i386"
cd /tmp
wget "https://spideroak.com/getbuild?platform=ubuntu&arch=$ARCH" -O spideroak.deb
sudo gdebi spideroak.deb
rm spideroak.deb

Remove Unwanted Software

Get rid of the global application menu

sudo apt-get purge -y appmenu-qt indicator-appmenu

Set Up Automatic Updates

This will always download and install everything in the background.

echo -e 'APT::Periodic::Enable "1";\nAPT::Periodic::Update-Package-Lists "1";\nAPT::Periodic::Download-Upgradeable-Packages "1";\nAPT::Periodic::Unattended-Upgrade "1";\nAPT::Periodic::AutocleanInterval "5";\nAPT::Periodic::RandomSleep "1";' | sudo tee /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/10periodic > /dev/null && cd /etc/apt/sources.list.d && PPAs="" && for PPA in *-ubuntu-*-`lsb_release -cs`.list; do if grep -q "deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/" "$PPA"; then PPA="${PPA/-ubuntu-/-}"; PPAs="$PPAs\n\t\"LP-PPA-${PPA/-`lsb_release -cs`\.list/:\${distro_codename}}\";"; fi; done && sed -e "s@Unattended-Upgrade::Allowed-Origins {@Unattended-Upgrade::Allowed-Origins {$PPAs@" -e 's@//.*"\${distro_id}:\${distro_codename}-updates@\t"\${distro_id}:\${distro_codename}-updates@' -e 's@//.*"\${distro_id}:\${distro_codename}-backports@\t"\${distro_id}:\${distro_codename}-backports@' /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50unattended-upgrades > /tmp/50unattended-upgrades && sudo mv /tmp/50unattended-upgrades /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50unattended-upgrades

Favourites Menu

This recreates the favourites list shown in Caja and File Dialogs. Below is just an example, change it to your liking.

echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir DOCUMENTS) $(xdg-user-dir DOCUMENTS | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks"
echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir DOWNLOAD) $(xdg-user-dir DOWNLOAD | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks"
echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir MUSIC) $(xdg-user-dir MUSIC | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks"
echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir PICTURES) $(xdg-user-dir PICTURES | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks"
echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir VIDEOS) $(xdg-user-dir VIDEOS | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks"
echo "file://$HOME/FOLDER1 FOLDER1" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks"
echo "file://$HOME/FOLDER2 FOLDER2" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks"
echo "file:///FOLDER3 FOLDER3" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks"

Configure the Web Server

This set of commands configures Apache. This is merely a bunch of examples - you will need to adjust them to suit your needs.

# Set your server name
echo "ServerName localhost" | sudo tee -a /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

# If you already have your site definitions stored, activate them
sudo cp --target-directory /etc/apache2/sites-available /SOMEPATH/default.conf /SOMEPATH/SOMESITE1.COM.LOCAL.conf /SOMEPATH/SOMESITE2.COM.LOCAL.conf ...
sudo a2ensite SOMESITE1.COM.LOCAL
sudo a2ensite SOMESITE2.COM.LOCAL
echo " SOMESITE1.COM.LOCAL" | sudo tee -a /etc/hosts > /dev/null
echo " SOMESITE2.COM.LOCAL" | sudo tee -a /etc/hosts > /dev/null

# Restart the server
sudo service apache2 restart

Startup Applications

Here's Empathy set for a silent auto-start.

echo -e "[Desktop Entry]\nType=Application\nExec=empathy -h\nHidden=false\nNoDisplay=false\nX-GNOME-Autostart-enabled=true\nName=empathy" > /home/$USER/.config/autostart/empathy.desktop

Configure Unity

Here are some settings for the UI. Change them to whatever you see fit.

# Let Nemo handle the Desktop
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background show-desktop-icons false

# Set Nemo as the default file manager
xdg-mime default nemo.desktop inode/directory application/x-gnome-saved-search

# Set the visibility of some icons on your Desktop
gsettings set org.nemo.desktop computer-icon-visible false
gsettings set org.nemo.desktop home-icon-visible false
gsettings set org.nemo.desktop trash-icon-visible false
gsettings set org.nemo.desktop volumes-visible false

# Disallow autorun on media insertion
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.media-handling autorun-never true

# Do not lock the screen
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.screensaver lock-enabled false

# Show icons in context menus
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface menus-have-icons true

# Set toolbars to display icons with text below
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface toolbar-style both

# Show icons on buttons
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface buttons-have-icons true

# Set the order and position of window controls
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.wm.preferences button-layout "close,minimize,maximize:menu"

# Turn off monitors after specified number of seconds
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.session idle-delay 3600

# Set the wallpaper
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri "file:///SOME/PATH/IMAGE.JPG"

# Tell gedit not to make backup copies
gsettings set org.gnome.gedit.preferences.editor create-backup-copy false

# Tell gedit to display line numbers
gsettings set org.gnome.gedit.preferences.editor display-line-numbers true

# Show date in clock indicator
gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.datetime show-date true

# Show day name in clock indicator
gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.datetime show-day true

# Set the clock indicator format to 24 hours
gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.datetime time-format "24-hour"

# Always show normal window buttons/menus
gsettings set com.canonical.Unity integrated-menus true

# Disable network search results in Dash
gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Lenses remote-content-search "none"

# Get the normal scrollbars back
gsettings set com.canonical.desktop.interface scrollbar-mode normal

# Allow the active window to minimise when clicked in the launcher
gsettings set org.compiz.unityshell:/org/compiz/profiles/unity/plugins/unityshell/ launcher-minimize-window true

Tidy up your SpiderOak

This removes all incremental backups, leaving only the latest version of your cloud backups - thus freeing up space.

SpiderOakONE --purge-historical-versions all
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