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Post-Install Configuration (Unity)

NOTE: This article is no longer being updated

Below is a collection of commands and snippets I have put together over the years. Pick out the parts you find useful, and create your own one-click system configuration shell script.

A Few GUI Shortcuts...

While you're tweaking things in the Terminal, you might want to do some configuration through the graphical user interface.

# Software settings software-properties-gtk # Change keyboard layouts unity-control-center region # Audio settings unity-control-center sound # Set the locales gnome-language-selector

Repositories

This will enable some extra repositories

# This will add the Indicator Stickynotes repo sudo add-apt-repository ppa:umang/indicator-stickynotes # This will add the Indicator Remindor repo sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bhdouglass/indicator-remindor # This will add the My Weather Indicator repo sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao # This will add the Nemo repo sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/nemo # This will add the repo for Monkey's Audio, Nero AAC, Network Optix tsMuxeR, The Odio and Unity Mail sudo add-apt-repository ppa:robert-tari/main

Update the Package List

You must do this if you have made changes to your repository lists.

sudo apt-get -q update

Update the Whole System

This will pull all available updates, so be patient.

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Popularity Contest

Help developers by allowing your system to report anonymous statistics.

sed -e 's/PARTICIPATE="no"/PARTICIPATE="yes"/' /etc/popularity-contest.conf > /tmp/popularity-contest.conf && sudo mv /tmp/popularity-contest.conf /etc/popularity-contest.conf

Install Additional Software

This is what I usually add to a system, change the list to suit your needs.

sudo apt-get install -y trash-cli indicator-stickynotes my-weather-indicator ffmpeg gnome-gmail synaptic indicator-remindor gnome-search-tool p7zip-full cryptsetup inkscape unattended-upgrades unity-mail samba gimp ubuntu-restricted-extras smplayer chromium-browser gdebi default-jre glipper clementine cifs-utils nemo nemo-fileroller odio tsmuxer mediainfo ogmtools mkvtoolnix-gui

Remove Unwanted Software

Get rid of the global application menu

sudo apt-get purge -y appmenu-qt indicator-appmenu

Set Up Automatic Updates

This will always download and install everything in the background.

echo -e 'APT::Periodic::Enable "1";\nAPT::Periodic::Update-Package-Lists "1";\nAPT::Periodic::Download-Upgradeable-Packages "1";\nAPT::Periodic::Unattended-Upgrade "1";\nAPT::Periodic::AutocleanInterval "5";\nAPT::Periodic::RandomSleep "1";' | sudo tee /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/10periodic > /dev/null && cd /etc/apt/sources.list.d && PPAs="" && for PPA in *-ubuntu-*-`lsb_release -cs`.list; do if grep -q "deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/" "$PPA"; then PPA="${PPA/-ubuntu-/-}"; PPAs="$PPAs\n\t\"LP-PPA-${PPA/-`lsb_release -cs`\.list/:\${distro_codename}}\";"; fi; done && sed -e "s@Unattended-Upgrade::Allowed-Origins {@Unattended-Upgrade::Allowed-Origins {$PPAs@" -e 's@//.*"\${distro_id}:\${distro_codename}-updates@\t"\${distro_id}:\${distro_codename}-updates@' -e 's@//.*"\${distro_id}:\${distro_codename}-backports@\t"\${distro_id}:\${distro_codename}-backports@' /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50unattended-upgrades > /tmp/50unattended-upgrades && sudo mv /tmp/50unattended-upgrades /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50unattended-upgrades

Favourites Menu

This recreates the favourites list shown in Caja and File Dialogs. Below is just an example, change it to your liking.

echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir DOCUMENTS) $(xdg-user-dir DOCUMENTS | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks" echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir DOWNLOAD) $(xdg-user-dir DOWNLOAD | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks" echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir MUSIC) $(xdg-user-dir MUSIC | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks" echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir PICTURES) $(xdg-user-dir PICTURES | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks" echo "file://$(xdg-user-dir VIDEOS) $(xdg-user-dir VIDEOS | cut -d "/" -f 4)" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks" echo "file://$HOME/FOLDER1 FOLDER1" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks" echo "file://$HOME/FOLDER2 FOLDER2" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks" echo "file:///FOLDER3 FOLDER3" | tee -a "$HOME/.gtk-bookmarks"

Startup Applications

Here's Empathy set for a silent auto-start.

echo -e "[Desktop Entry]\nType=Application\nExec=empathy -h\nHidden=false\nNoDisplay=false\nX-GNOME-Autostart-enabled=true\nName=empathy" > /home/$USER/.config/autostart/empathy.desktop

Configure Unity

Here are some settings for the UI. Change them to whatever you see fit.

# Let Nemo handle the Desktop gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background show-desktop-icons false # Set Nemo as the default file manager xdg-mime default nemo.desktop inode/directory application/x-gnome-saved-search # Set the visibility of some icons on your Desktop gsettings set org.nemo.desktop computer-icon-visible false gsettings set org.nemo.desktop home-icon-visible false gsettings set org.nemo.desktop trash-icon-visible false gsettings set org.nemo.desktop volumes-visible false # Disallow autorun on media insertion gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.media-handling autorun-never true # Do not lock the screen gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.screensaver lock-enabled false # Show icons in context menus gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface menus-have-icons true # Set toolbars to display icons with text below gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface toolbar-style both # Show icons on buttons gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface buttons-have-icons true # Set the order and position of window controls gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.wm.preferences button-layout "close,minimize,maximize:menu" # Turn off monitors after specified number of seconds gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.session idle-delay 3600 # Set the wallpaper gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri "file:///SOME/PATH/IMAGE.JPG" # Tell gedit not to make backup copies gsettings set org.gnome.gedit.preferences.editor create-backup-copy false # Tell gedit to display line numbers gsettings set org.gnome.gedit.preferences.editor display-line-numbers true # Show date in clock indicator gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.datetime show-date true # Show day name in clock indicator gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.datetime show-day true # Set the clock indicator format to 24 hours gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.datetime time-format "24-hour" # Always show normal window buttons/menus gsettings set com.canonical.Unity integrated-menus true # Disable network search results in Dash gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Lenses remote-content-search "none" # Get the normal scrollbars back gsettings set com.canonical.desktop.interface scrollbar-mode normal # Allow the active window to minimise when clicked in the launcher gsettings set org.compiz.unityshell:/org/compiz/profiles/unity/plugins/unityshell/ launcher-minimize-window true
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